The hip area comprises the musculature of the pelvic girdle, the hip joint, the sacroiliac joint, the tendons of the gluteus medius muscle and gluteus brevis, the trochanteric bursa, the piriformis and the sciatic nerve. While many patients may think pain originating in the hip originates from the hip joint, it often comes from other places. The greater and lesser trochanters are insertion points for many different tendons. The iliopsoas joint actually has a synarthrosis and a synovial joint which can be treated and alleviated with shockwave. Posterior pain radiating down the leg doesn’t always result from a herniated lumbar disc but can occur from nerve entrapment syndrome at the piriformis. Pain which occurs while lying on your side most commonly occurring in women often results from a tendinosis of the iliotibial tract. Many of these conditions can be treated with a shockwave application in place of traditional steroid injections.